On this day in 1950, the Federal Bureau of Investigation institutes the "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list in an effort to publicize particularly dangerous fugitives. The creation of the program arose out of a wire service news story in 1949 about the "toughest guys" the FBI wanted to capture. The story drew so much public attention that the "Ten Most Wanted" list was given the okay by J. Edgar Hoover the following year. As of 2011, 465 of the criminals included on the list have been apprehended or located, 153 as a result of tips from the public. The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) of the FBI asks all fifty-six field offices to submit candidates for inclusion on the list. The CID in association with the Office of Public and Congressional Affairs then proposes finalists for approval of by the FBI's Deputy Director. The criteria for selection is simple, the criminal must have a lengthy record and current pending charges that make him or her particularly dangerous. And the the FBI must believe that the publicity attendant to placement on the list will assist in the apprehension of the fugitive.
Generally, the only way to get off the list is to die or to be captured. There have only been a handful of cases where a fugitive has been removed from the list because they no longer were a particularly dangerous menace to society. Only eight women have appeared on the Ten Most Wanted list. Ruth Eisemann-Schier was the first in 1968.
The FBI also works closely with the Fox television show America's Most Wanted to further publicize the effort to capture dangerous felons.
The First 11 Most Wanted:
Latest Most Wanted List
|Photo||Name||Date added||Sequence number||Comments|
|Víctor Manuel Gerena||May 14, 1984||386||Gerena is wanted in connection with the armed robbery of approximately $7 million from a security company in West Hartford, Connecticut, in 1983. He allegedly took two security employees hostage at gunpoint and handcuffed, bound, and injected them with an unknown, non-lethal substance to disable them further. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $1,000,000 for information leading to Gerena's capture.|
|Glen Stewart Godwin||December 7, 1996||447||Godwin is wanted for his 1987 escape from Folsom State Prison in California, where he was serving a lengthy sentence for murder. He was subsequently imprisoned in Mexico on drug trafficking charges, but escaped from prison after allegedly murdering a fellow inmate.|
|Robert William "Bobby" Fisher, Sr.||June 29, 2002||475||Fisher is wanted for murder of his wife Mary and their two children Robert, Jr. and Brittney and then blowing up the house in which they all lived in Scottsdale, Arizona, in April 2001. Investigators believe that Robert Fisher murdered his family because he felt threatened by his wife's intent to divorce.|
|Alexis Flores||June 2, 2007||487||Flores is wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in July 2000. He was deported back to his native Honduras in 2005 after serving a prison term for forgery in Arizona. He was added to the list after deportation when his DNA was matched to the DeJesus crime.|
|Jason Derek Brown||December 8, 2007||489||Brown is wanted for murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona. Authorities say that in November 2004, Brown allegedly shot and killed an armored car guard outside a movie theater and fled on a bicycle with $56,000 in a duffel bag.|
|Jose Luis "Joe" Saenz||October 19, 2009||492||Saenz is wanted for allegedly shooting and killing two rival gang members in Los Angeles on July 25, 1998. Then, less than two weeks later, on August 5, 1998, Saenz allegedly kidnapped, raped, and murdered his girlfriend. Additionally, Saenz is also a suspect for a 2008 murder in Whittier, California. Saenz was captured in Mexico in November 2012.|
|Eduardo "Tablas" Ravelo||October 21, 2009||493||Ravelo is wanted for his alleged involvement in racketeering activities, conspiracy to launder monetary instruments, and conspiracy to possess heroin, cocaine and marijuana with the intent to distribute. His alleged criminal activities began in 2003.|
|October 22, 2009||494||Mogilevich is wanted for his alleged participation in a multi-million dollar scheme to defraud thousands of investors in the stock of a public company incorporated in Canada, but headquartered in Newtown, Pennsylvania, between 1993 and 1998. The scheme to defraud collapsed in 1998, after thousands of investors lost in excess of $150 million, and Mogilevich, thought to have allegedly funded and authorized the scheme, was indicted in April 2003.|
|Eric Justin Toth||April 10, 2012||495||Toth, a former private-school teacher, is wanted for allegedly producing child pornography in Washington, DC. In June 2008, pornographic images were found on a school camera that had been in Toth's possession.|
|Fidel Urbina||June 5, 2012||497||Urbina is wanted for allegedly beating and raping a woman in March 1998. While out on bond, he also allegedly beat, raped and strangled a second woman to death in October 1998. Her body was later found in the trunk of a vehicle that had been burned. Both crimes occurred in Chicago, Illinois. Urbina may be residing in Durango, Mexico. He also has ties to the Chicago, Illinois, area.|